Anti-Müllerian hormone as an ovarian reserve marker in young cancer women who undergo ovarian tissue cryopreservation

Fabbri R, Macciocca M, Melotti C, Pasquinelli G, Vicenti R, Bacchi Reggiani ML, Terribile D, Venturoli S

Future Oncology. 2014 Jun;10(8):1343-51


AIM: To evaluate if anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a reliable marker of ovarian reserve in young women undergoing ovarian tissue cryopreservation.

PATIENTS & METHODS: Relationships of serum AMH levels with primordial follicle density, age and reproductive hormones were investigated using the Pearson or Spearman correlation coefficient in 86 women with cancer (12-38 years) undergoing ovarian tissue cryopreservation. AMH variations through the menstrual cycle were assessed by the Kruskal-Wallis test. p < 0.05 was accepted as significant.

RESULTS: AMH positively correlated with primordial follicle density (p = 0.03), showed great interindividual variability at all ages and negatively correlated with estradiol (p = 0.007) in the early follicular phase. AMH did not vary across the menstrual cycle (p = 0.415).

CONCLUSION: AMH appears a valid ovarian reserve marker in young cancer women.